History Gold Rush Begins in Sacramento The Sacramento area was originally inhabited by the Nisenan, a branch of the Maidu, who lived in the valley for 10, years before white settlers arrived. The area was not settled until That year, with the permission of Mexico, Captain John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant who had fled his homeland to escape debtor’s prison, built a settlement on 76 acres and called it New Helvetia, after his homeland.
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He built a fort called Sutter’s Fort which has been restored and can still be seen today. Sutter also constructed a landing on the Sacramento River that he called the Embarcadero and contacted a millwright, James Marshall, to help build the settlement.
It was Marshall who in discovered a gold nugget, thus precipitating the great California Gold Rush of Sutter’s Embarcadero became the gateway to the mines, but Sutter was financially ruined by the influx of newcomers from all over the world who trampled his settlement; even his employees left him to make their fortune.
Sacramento, Spanish for “Holy Sacrament,” was originally the name of a nearby river that is now called the Feather River; in the name was taken for the town, which was incorporated in Sacramento was a rowdy place, full of successful miners who spent their money on gambling and dance halls.
Railroad Arrives; Agriculture Surpasses Gold Mining
In its early days, the town encountered difficulties, with floods in and and a fire in In Sacramento became the terminus of California’s first railroad. Then came the Pony Express and, inthe transcontinental telegraph. The Central Pacific Railroad joined the east and west coasts inpermitting Sacramento farmers to ship their produce to the east. The railroad also transformed what had been a six-month trip between the coasts to six days; in time it also superseded the river as a means of transportation.
In another important change, agriculture eventually replaced the gold mines as the primary industry.
Gold Rush Begins in Sacramento
These military installations drew a large influx of people into the area, many of whom stayed after World War II and spurred the development of the private sector. The first suburban shopping mall in the United States was established in North Sacramento in Like many cities in the United States, downtown Sacramento had fallen into decay by the s, since most of the moneyed population had moved to the suburbs.
The city eventually experienced a resurgence, marked by the redevelopment of the downtown area, with the city’s historical sections being preserved and restored. Sutter’s Embarcadero, for instance, now houses shops and restaurants.
Sacramento’s redevelopment has been acclaimed as one of the most successful in the United States. Today’s Sacramento is experiencing further growth; population within the six-county Sacramento Region increased by 20 percent between and The city’s economic growth, livability, and comparatively low cost of living has made it one of California’s fastest-growing metropolitan areas..