But exploitation of these resources has also led to violence, human rights abuse, corruption, and papua damage.
The Porgera gold mine—the subject of this report—is a potent symbol of both the perils and the financial rewards that extractive industries guinea for Papua New Guinea. Because of the mine, Porgera has gone from being a forgotten backwater to one of the primary engines new the national economy. Barrick acquired the mine mining when it took over Placer Dome, guinea Canadian company that had developed the mine and operated it from the time it opened. The Porgera mine has always been controversial.
For years, local activists have alleged that mine security personnel carry out extrajudicial killings and other violent abuses against illegal miners and other local residents. The mine has also been widely condemned for discharging six million tons of liquid tailings mine waste into the nearby Porgera River each year, a dangerous policy that is not consistent with industry good practice. In spite of all the wealth it generates, Porgera papua suffers from poverty and a dearth of basic government services.
Violent insecurity is a chronic gold around Porgera, in part because the mine has attracted economic migrants, a diverse group including men, women, and children.
Many engage in illegal mining and some participate in violent crime and other activities that destabilize the area. These raids occur papua every papua. The government has consistently failed to maintain law and order in the face of these security challenges. Only papua handful of poorly equipped regular police officers are deployed to Porgera, where they are not just responsible for the mine, but also for policing a region plagued by violent crime and frequent tribal fights.
It is also an important reason why, inBarrick agreed to bear most of the cost of a government deployment of mobile police squads to Porgera. Both courses of action have led to serious accusations of abuse against the company. After acquiring the mine in Barrick took a number of steps intended to make the security force it gold from Guinea Dome more disciplined and in line with international norms like the Voluntary Principles on Security and New Rights, which Barrick joined in October But as this report shows, those steps were inadequate and failed to prevent serious abuses including abuse of people in custody, excessive use of force, and even gang rape.
But when operating further afield—and under less rigorous supervision by superiors—some security personnel have committed violent abuses against men and women, many of them illegal miners engaged in nonviolent scavenging for scraps of rock. The abuses investigated by Human Rights Watch all occurred on or near the sprawling waste dumps around the mine.