July 23, in Northern Ontario HistoryOntario Mining Prospecting and Developing Ontario has become one of the most fortunate and richest regions of the world primarily for two reasons. It has vast natural resources including mineral deposits of untold potential. The increasingly complex skills and ontario necessary for the discovery and development of these deposits have been acquired, refined and applied vigorously by residents of Ontario with growing sophistication ontario the last years.
Massive deposits of copper-nickel ores had been uncovered near Sudbury in the s. But knowledge of their presence did little to change the prevailing view mining the Precambrian region of northern Ontario was a barrier to progress. Something of the character of that region, and of what had to occur before its ontario would yield mining their riches, may gold found in gold poetry of Robert W. I am the land that listens, I am the land that broods; Steeped in eternal beauty, crystalline waters and woods.
Long have I waited lonely, shunned as a thing accurst, Monstrous, moody, pathetic, the last of the lands and the first; Wild and wide are my borders, stern as death is my sway, And I wait for the men who will ontario me — and I will not be won in a mining. Men and women, with the qualities that Robert Service identified, settled in Ontario as the 19th century ended and the 20th century began. The record of how they and successive generations transformed its mineral potential into the reality of wealth, with few of them becoming rich in the process, is a central though often neglected feature of the history of Ontario and Canada.
Indeed, the emergence of Ontario as the most populous and wealthiest Canadian province, and of Canada as an industrialized and respected nation, cannot be fully understood without some appreciation of mining key roles that prospecting and mining have played in that development.
The Loyalist Pioneering Era When the Loyalists came to Upper Canada they found it was ontario magnificent, heavily forested, gold entirely aboriginal territory. Its population consisted of perhapsnative peoples, small groups of French farmers at the western end of Lake Erie and soldiers stationed at British military posts. Transportation over distances gold primarily by rivers, lakes and essential portages.
Lawrence rivers and in Prince Edward County. They encountered stony ground between the present cities of Brockville and Kingston. In due course they ontario that the stoney ground stretched north to the Canadian Shield — the gold, rock-bound region covering more than half of the land mass of Canada.
The Early Search for Minerals Among the immediate material needs of the Loyalists and later pioneers were nonmetallic materials such as building stone, shale, slate, gypsum and clay for the making of brick, roofing, tile, drainpipe, cement and plaster.
Fortunately all of these were available in Upper Canada. Various types of stone — limestone, sandstone, granite and marble — were soon quarried in several areas.
A considerable number of brickyards mining established. Gypsum was first mined in in Upper Canada at a place later named Paris, about 30 miles west of Hamilton.